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John Endicott

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Birth  1589  Chagford, England 
Sex  Male 
Died  15 Mar 1654/55 
Person ID  I3002  Default Tree 
Last Modified  10 May 2006 
Father  Thomas Endecott, b. 1566, England 
Mother  Alice Westlake, b. 1565, Devonshire, England 
Group Sheet  F1062  Default Tree 
Family 1  Elizabeth Gibson\ Cogan, b. 1607, Chard, Somerset, England 
Married  17 Aug 1630  Wenham, Essex, Massachusetts 
 1. Zarubbabel Endicott, b. 14 Feb 1634/35, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
 2. John Endicott Jr., b. 27 Jan 1631/32
Group Sheet  F1052  Default Tree 
  • Notes:
    John Endecott was born in 1588 at Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England. There may be additional information about him in English records, but research has not been completed in American records. In his early life, he was a surgeon. On 19 March 1628, he was the fifth signer of six other religious persons in purchasing a patent of the territory of Massachusetts Bay from the corporation styled council established at Plymouth in the county of Devon for the "planting, ruling and governing of New England in America." Two of those who received proprietary rights in the new company were Matthew Craddock and Roger Ludlow, both of whom were related to John by marriage. In fact, Matthew was the cousin of John's first wife, Ann Gover. This is probably why he was selected as a "fit instrument to begin the wilderness work". John was entrusted with full powers to take charge of the plantation at Naumkeag. John, his childless wife, and about 30 settlers left on the ship "Abigail" from the port of Weymouth near Dorchester on 20 June 1628 and landed at Naumkeag, Massachusetts on 6 September 1628, 2 months and 16 days later. Two years later, the town's name was changed to Salem. His wife, Ann Gover, came to America with John in 1628 and died the next year. They had no children.

    On the 6th of Sept. 1628, after a voyage of two months and 16 days, the ship "Abigail" arrived in the harbor of Naumkeag, Mass. On it was John Endecott and small company of fellow Puritans. John Endecott was one of the "6 patentees and others" to whom a royal charter was granted 19 March 1628 under the name of the "Governor and Company of Mass. Bay in New England." He was governor of London's Plantation in Massachusetts Bay at Salem from its establishment in 1628 until John Winthrop arrived in 1630 as governor under the charter. He was assistant deputy governor, or governor for the 36 years of his life in the colony, with the exception of the year he was suspended for causing the sign of the cross to be cut from the British ensign.
    In 1645 he was in command of the Colonial Army, and headed a bloody expedition against Block Island and the Pequoit Indians. Some historians claim his military leadership in one expedition against the Indians was so mismanaged as to have been a cause of the Pequot War. Like all of our ancestors, he had both good and bad qualities. Some accounts say that while he had pious zeal and genial manners, he also had a hot temper and was guilty of harsh bigotry. His most useful service was in his able administration duing the colony's first two years. He organized at Salem a Separatist church on the Plymouth model, suppressed with vigor the followers of Thomas Morton at Merry Mount, and deported the Brownes from the colony for holding a service with the Book of Common Prayer. His stern intolerance showed itself in his later years, especially in his hard persecutions of Quakers. His dealings with the Quakers present an interesting picture for his descendants, some of who became Quakers.

    He died in 1665 leaving two sons..John Jr., and Zerubbabel.
    John Endecott was acting Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony 1629-1630, and was elected to the office in 1644 and again in 1649; re-elected every year from 1650 to 1655 excepting 1654.

    He was a bold and energetic man--a zealous Puritan. He was intolerant of whatever he considered wrong. To meet the needs of the Colony, he established a mint, in spite of a law forbidding such action, and cut the red cross of St. George from the military standard because, as he claimed, "the emblem savored of popery". The tradition exists that Gov. Endecott cut the cross from the flag with his sword, and in his wrath stamped it into the earth.
    The year 1628 was also very important for English history. Broke from foreign misadventures, King Charles I was forced by Parliament to sign the Petition of Rights. This was the beginning of trouble that would lead to Civil War in 1642 and 1648; resulting in the King's execution in 1648, and the emergence of Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads. Cromwell was Lord Protector of England from 1653-1658. Knowing this is important because it shows why John Endecott was able to do some of the things that he did during most of his long life in the Colony.
    On 17 Aug. 1630, John married Elizabeth Cogan Gibson. She was a widow of a man named Gibson.

    John Endecott, is buried in Granary Burial Ground, Boston, MA, along with some other well known people, such as Samuel Adams...signer of the Declaration of Independence... Crispus Attucks, Patriot/Soldier...some of the Boston Massacre Victims...James Bowdoin, a Massachusetts Governor...Abiah Franklin, mother of Benjamin Franklin...Elizabeth Goose "Mother Goose"..believed by some to be "the" Mother Goose...John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence...James Otis, a US Statesman...Robert Treat Paine, signer of the Declaration of Independence/American Revolutionary Leader...Wendell Phillips, Abolitionist/Orator...Paul Revere, Patriot/Postman...Pau Revere, Sr., father of THE Paul Revere...Samuel Sewall, Diarist and colonial judge; the only one who refused to participate in the Salem Witch Trials...Christopher Snider, "Innocent first victim of the struggle between the Colonies and the Crown, which resulted in Independence. He was a 12 year old boy, killed by a Brittish soldier, 11 days before the massacre.

    INTERESTING INFORMATION by Researcher, Jon M. Chu:
    "American National Biography," Volume 7, Editors: John A. Garraty
    and Mark C. Carnes, Published under the auspices of the American
    Council of Learned Societies, Oxford University Press, New York 1999

    By Researcher: Jonathan M. Chu

    John Endecott (1588-March 15, 1665), governor and member of the
    Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born probably in Devon. There is no
    reliable information on his parents, and little is known of his
    early years.
    Sometime during 1627 Endecott became acquainted with the
    Dorchester Company's abortive attempt to plant a colony on Cape Ann
    near the present site of Gloucester, Massachusetts. As part of a
    reorganization effort, the Dorchester Company's assets were
    transferred to a new group of investors willing to provide
    additional capital and, in the case of Endecott, actually settle in
    the New World. On 6 September 1628 Endecott landed in Naumkeag
    (now Salem), Massachusetts, and assumed command of the remnants of
    the previous settlement. The settlers who arrived with Endecott on
    the Abigail were primarily from the West Country and were more
    likely to be Puritan than the earlier group of immigrants. On 4
    March 1629 the investors transformed the smaller commercial
    enterprise into the Massachusetts Bay Company. Drawn from much more
    diverse geographical parts of England, the new colonial organization
    was clearly dominated by Puritans and took on a distinctly religious
    character. With the arrival of the Arbella fleet in 1630, Endecott
    was replaced as governor by John Winthrop (1578-1649) and became an
    assistant, a position roughly analagous to a member of the board of
    directors. After Winthrop's death Endecott served as governor for
    thirteen out of the next fifteen years.
    Endecott's first wife, Anne Gower, died shortly after their
    arrival in the New World. Further evidence indicates a son, most
    likely born out of wedlock, living in England in 1635, for whom
    Endecott made specific provision, adding that the boy should not be
    sent to Massachusetts. On 18 August 1630 Endecott married Elizabeth
    Gibson, with whom he had two sons.
    Notwithstanding his early association with the colony, Endecott's
    beliefs were more distinctly Separatist than were those of most
    Puritan members of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Writing to William
    Bradford (1590-1657) on 11 May 1629, Endecott intimated his
    sympathetic view toward Plymouth's "outward forme of God's worship."
    When John Browne (?-1662) and Samuel Browne complained in 1629 that
    Salem ministers Samuel Skelton and Francis Higginson were Separatists
    and Anabaptists, Endecott rallied to support the latter and ordered
    the Brownes expelled from the colony. Similarly, in opposition to
    Winthrop and the General Court, he defended the Salem congregation's
    1633 call to Roger Williams, who demanded that New World churches
    separate themselves from the corruption of the Church of England.
    When the General Court attempted to punish the Salem church's call
    to Williams by denying the town the grant of Marblehead Neck,
    Endecott defended the town's attempt to get the colony as a whole to
    overrule the action. On 2 September 1635 Endecott was briefly
    imprisoned for contempt and disabled from holding public office for
    a year, in effect denying him the post of assistant, because his
    actions had been "rash and without discretion, taking upon him more
    authority than he had."
    Endecott's Separatism may have originated in his preoccupation
    with the need to insulate local religious activity from civil
    authority. Endecott, like Williams, opposed the use of the cross of
    St. George on the ensigns carried by the Salem militia. Sometime
    during 1634 Endecott or a member of the Salem militia cut the
    offending cross out of the royal ensign. Williams and a vociferous
    though sizable minority in the colony had argued against good
    Puritans carrying what they considered a symbol of papist
    superstition. Endecott also opposed the February 1641 appointment
    of Salem minister Hugh Peter as a Bay Colony lobbyist on the grounds
    that church officials should not be engaged for civil functions.
    Endecott's brief career as a soldier began in August 1636 when he
    was placed in command of the colony's expedition against the Pequots.
    Beginning at Block Island off the Rhode Island coast and traveling
    beyond the Thames to the Connecticut River, the expedition was
    intended to punish the Pequots for the deaths of John Oldham and a
    number of other English settlers. Other than accomplishing the
    destruction of some native property, the expedition proved
    ineffectual. Once the troops under Endecott's command withdrew, the
    Pequots resumed their attacks upon isolated settlements. The
    following year a new campaign wiped out the tribe.
    From 1659 to 1662 Governor Endecott found himself exercising
    the authority of the state to suppress the rise of Quakerism in
    Massachusetts. Ironically, the largest concentration of local
    Quakers lived in Salem, his home from 1628 until 1655. While
    many historians have pointed to his central responsibility for
    the execution of four Quakers as a manifestation of the colony's
    religious persecution and his personal intolerance, his actions
    may have reflected the more general assessment that the movement
    profoundly threatened to destroy civil order. For Endecott the
    problem of nonresident Quakers may have been secular and not
    religious. Indeed, two nonresident Quakers noted that Endecott
    had a reputation among the sect as being less vindictive than
    other Bay Colony magistrates.
    In 1655 Endecott moved to Boston with his elder son while
    his wife remained in Salem on "Orchard Farms," the family estate,
    with their younger son. Upon Endecott's death in Boston, the
    financial strains upon the family's economic circumstances
    became manifest. Despite the possession of substantial tracts of
    land in Topsfield and Salem, Endecott's estate left family members
    dissatisfied with their respective portions. The problems stemmed
    partly from ambiguities in Endecott's will and partly from assets
    that were inadequate to maintain the social and economic status of
    individual family members. John Hull, merchant and colonial mint
    master, noted that Endecott "died poor, as most our rulers do,
    having more attended the public than their private interest." To
    help the family, the General Court appropriated 160 pounds to
    underwrite the cost of the governor's funeral. Still, fissures
    between the elder son and the younger son and mother over the
    estate resulted in a suit resolved only by the General Court's
    Endecott's career and personal life reflect many of the
    accomodations Puritan settlers had to make to live in the
    Massachusetts Bay Colony. Deeply concerned about matter's of
    conscience, a "godly man and worthy magistrate" in the estimation
    of his peers, Endecott had to adjust to the realities of
    constructing in detail the grand plan for religious reform that
    Winthrop called a "Modell of Christian Charity." Endecott's
    problem, like that of many others, was to try to hold onto what
    he saw as timeless values in a changing society. But his
    achievements, like those of John Winthrop and the other founders
    of the Bay Colony, rest in teh vigor of his attempts to construct
    a community that hewed as much as possible to Puritanism's moral

    *Copies of original materials associated with Endecott may be
    found in the Endecott papers, Massachusetts Historical Collections,
    Boston. Materials on Endecott's personal life are in the Essex
    Probate Court files, Salem, the Massachusetts State Archives,
    Boston; and in "The Governor Endecott Estate," Essex Institute
    Historical Collections 25 (1888): 137-57. The best biography of
    Endecott is Lawrence Shaw Mayo, "John Endecott: A Biography" (1936).
    Richard Gildrie, "Salem, Massachusetts, 1626-1683: A Covenant
    Community" (1975), is also useful for its description of the local
    context of Endecott's political activities in Salem. See also
    Thomas Hutchinsin, "The History of the Colony and Province of
    Massachusetts Bay," ed. L. S. Mayo (3 vols., 1936); J.K. Hosmer,
    "Winthrop's Journal" (2 vols., 1908); Nathaniel Morton, "New
    England's Memorial" (1669); and William Bradford, "The History of
    Plimoth Plantation" (1856).

    Jonathan M. Chu

    Estate of John Endecott (Endicott) of Salem and Boston
    Essex Probate Docket # 9053
    The last will & Testament of John Endecott Senior late of Salem now of Boston made the second day of the third moneth called May 1659. As followeth.
    I, John Endecott being (through the grace & mercie of God) at this present in health & sound memorie doe make this my last will & testament as followeth.
    Imprimis I give to my Dear & loving Wiefe Elizabeth Endecott all that my ffarme called Orchard lying within the bounds of Salem together with the Dwelling Howse, outhowses, Barnes, stables, Cowhowses, & all other building & appurtenances thereunto belonging & appertayning, And all the Orchards nurseries of fruit trees, gardens, fences, meadow & salt marsh thereunto apptayning, And all the feeding grounds & arrable & planting grounds there, both that wch is broken up & that wch is yet to break up. As also all the timber trees & other trees for wood or other uses, together with all the swamps thereunto belonging or apptayninge during her naturall life.
    Itm. I give unto her my said wiefe all my moveable goods wch are at Boston in the howse I now dwell in. viz. all my beds bedsteedes, bolsters, pillows Coverletts, blanketts, rugs, courtaynes & vallence & all furniture belonging to them of one kinde or another and all my carpetts cusheens & all goods of that nature. Also I give unto her my said wiefe all my table board, table lining, cubbard, cubbard clothes stooles, truncks, chests, or any other goods now in my pofsefsion, viz. pewter brafse, Iron, Andirons, spitts. Also I give unto her all my silver plate & spoones of one kinde & another. And all my Linnen of what sort soever.
    Itm. I give unto her my said wiefe all my nuther cattle of one kinde & another as also all my sheepe, & all my wearing clothes wch shee may bestow on my children as shee shall see good. Also I give unto her all my bookes whereof shee may bestow on my two sonnes such of them as they are capable to make use of & the rest to be sold to help pay my debts.
    Also I give unto her my said wiefe my howses at Salem & the ground belonging unto them, And all the goods there wch are myne, leaving to my wiefe full power to Dispose of them whether howses or goods as shee shall see good. Also I give unto my said wiefe all such debts as are due or shall be due unto me at the day of my departure, either from the Countrie or from any person or persons inhabiting in this Countrie or in England or elsewhere.
    Also I give unto her Catta Hand neere Salem (wch the generall Court gave me), during her naturall liefe, & after her decease to my twoe sonnes, John & Zerubabel or to the longest liver of them.
    Also I give to John Endecott my eldest sonne, the farme which I bought of Henry Chickerin of Dedham (which I formerly bestowed on him) lying within the bounds of Salem. And all howses & lands whether meadow or pasture or arable land as it is conveyed unto me in an Indenture bearing Date the fowerth day of the eighth moneth Anno 1648. And the said Indenture or conveyance to be Delivered unto him & said land with the appurtenances to be to him & his heires forever.
    Itm. I give to him & to my younger sonne Zerobabel the whole farme called Orchard to be opted indifferentlie betweene them after the decease of my said wiefe. Also I give unto Zerobbabl a farme out of the farme lying upon Ipwich river contayning three hundred acres whereof ffortie acres is meadow lying along the playne by the rivers side next to Zacheus Gould his land which lyeth by the brooks side that runneth into Ipswich at the furthest end of the playne.Itm. I give unto my said loving wiefe my eldest mare which she was wont to ride on & her eldest mare foale.
    Itm. I give unto my sonne John Endecott the horse coalt that now runs with the mare.
    Also I make my wiefe sole & onelie executrix of this my last will & testament. And do desire that Elder Pen & Elder Coleborne will be the overseers of this my last will & if God should take either of them out of the world: That the longest liver of them hath heereby liberties with my wife's consent to choose another overseer unto him.
    And whereas the generall Court hath given unto me the fourth pt of Block Iland, I doe heereby bequeath it unto my said wiefe to help pay debts with all. If I dispose not otherwise of it before I dye.
    Itm. I give unto my said twoe sonnes John & Zerubbalel the two farmes I bought, the one of Captayne Trask, the other of Captayne Hawthorne lying upon Ipswich river next adjoyning to my farme upon the said river.
    Itm I give all the rest of the land belonging to my farme upon the said river which is not disposed of to my two sonnes John & Zerubbalel my eldest sonne to have a double portion thereof.
    Also I give unto John Endecott & Zerubbabel all the Land which was given me by the two Sachems of Quinebaug; my Eldest sonne to have a Double portion thereof.
    Itm I give to my grandchild John Endecott Zerobabel his sonne, Ten pownds which is to be payed him when he is one & Twentie yeares of age. Also that Land I have bequeathed unto my twoe sonnes in one place or another my will is that the longest liver of them shall enjoy the whole except the Lord send them children to inherit it after them.
    Itm I give unto Mr. Norrice teacher of the Church at Salem xls & to Mr Wilson pastor of Boston xls & to Mr.. Norton, teacher xls.
    Itm I give to the poore of Boston ffower pounds to be disposed of by the Deacons of the Church.

    Jo. Endecott (Seal)
    Indorsed: The last will & testament of me Jo: Endecott

    Source: "Endecott Wills, Inventories, and Matters", by R.S. Rantoul, Salem, 1889.

    The Great Migration Begins


    ORIGIN: Unknown
    MIGRATION: Arrived Naumkeag (later Salem) 5 September 1628 on the Abigail
    REMOVES: Boston 1655
    OCCUPATION: Magistrate.
    CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [SChR 5]. Shortly after he relocated, the church pews were altered, and on 11 June 1657 "the seat of Mrs. Endicot being enlarged we agree that Mrs. Hathorne & Mrs. Corwin shall be there seated" [STR 1:201]. The Endicotts maintained their connection to the Salem church until 1664.
    FREEMAN: Not in any list of freemen, but certainly held that status by virtue of his many offices in the colony, and especially his appointment in 1628 as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company's settlement at Salem.
    EDUCATION: Wrote a confident, extroverted hand and a direct but thoughtful prose, as evidenced by many letters preserved by the Winthrops. Overseer of Harvard College, 1642 [Morison 198-99]. When the Jesuit priest Gabriel Druillette was touring New England in the winter of 1650-1, he reported on 9 January that "I went to Salem, to converse with Sieur Indicott, who speaks and understands French well" [The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, Volume XXXVI, Lower Canada, Abenakis, 1650-1651 (Cleveland 1899), pp. 94-95].
    OFFICES: Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company's settlement at Salem, 1628-29. Massachusetts Bay Colony Assistant 1630-34, 1636-40, 1645-48; Deputy-Governor 1641-43, 1650, 1654; Governor 1644, 1649, 1651-3, 1655-64 [MA Civil List 11, 20-24].
    Commissioner to hold Court at Piscataqua, 10 May 1643 [MBCR 2:37]; Essex County magistrate and Salem selectman repeatedly [EQC and STR passim].
    Chosen colonel of the Essex regiment, 13 December 1636 [MBCR 1:187]; Sergeant Major General 1645-6 [MBCR 3:9, 61].
    ESTATE: "Cp. Endicot" received a grant of 200 acres in the freeman's lands at Salem in 1636 [STR 1:19]. He was granted one acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of nine [STR 1:103].
    He asked for and was granted ten acres of meadow in the great meadow north of Mr. Sharp, 30 July 1637 [STR 1:53]; granted swampland next to Goodman Chickering's, 7 May 1638 [STR 1:96]; granted 20 acres of land in Salem formerly laid to Allen Converse, 13 March 1642/3 [STR 1:117]; granted land at the head of the river excepting the salt marsh, being land formerly granted to Richard Norman and others whose properties Endicott had bought, 5 March 1643/4 [STR 1:124-25].
    The Court of Assistants granted him three hundred acres of land north of Salem [later known as "Orchard"], 3 July 1632 [MBCR 1:97]. On 2 November 1637 he was granted "40 or 50 acres of meadow ... where it may not prejudice a plantation" [MBCR 1:206]. On 6 June 1639 at a General Court he was granted five hundred acres of land [MBCR 1:262]. On 5 November 1639 "Mr. John Endecot is granted his 550 acres upon Ipswich River" (this is apparently the two previous grants combined) [MBCR 1:277; see MBCR 1:305, 2:259 for later orders about this grant]. Granted three hundred acres of woodland, provided he set up a copper works within seven years, 14 October 1651 [MBCR 3:256]. Granted Catta Island, about two acres, near Marblehead, 23 May 1655 [MBCR 3:389]. Granted one thousand acres in any place he should choose not prejudicial to other grants in lieu of seventy-five pounds "by him and his wife in the general adventure," 15 May 1657 [MBCR 4:1:304]. Granted one-quarter of Block Island, 19 October 1658 [MBCR 4:1:356].
    His written will of 2 May 1659 and his nuncupative will of January 1664/5 were both brought to court.
    In his will, dated 3 May1659, "John Endecott Senior late of Salem; now of Boston" bequeathed to his "dear & loving wife Elizabeth Endecott" all his farm called Orchard in Salem with all appurtenances, the moveable goods in Boston, all the cattle and sheep, all his wearing clothes, "all my books whereof she may bestow on my two sons such of them as they are capable to make use of & the rest to be sold to help pay my debts," his houses at Salem and the ground belonging to them, Catta Island near Salem "which the generall Court gave me, during her natural life, & after her decease to my two sons John & Zerobabel or to the longest liver of them"; to "John Endicott my eldest son the farm which I bought of Henry Chickerin of Dedham" on 4 October 1648, lying in Salem; to "my younger son Zerobabel the whole farm called Orchard to be parted indifferently between them after the decease of my said wife," also a farm of three hundred acres on Ipswich river; wife to be sole executrix with Elder Penn and Elder Coleborne as overseers; to "my said wife" the fourth part of Block Island; to "my two sons John & Zerubbabel the two farms I bought, the one of Captain Trask the other of Capt. Hawthorne lying upon Ipswich River next adjoining to my farm"; "the rest of the land belonging to my farm upon the said river which is not disposed of to my two sons John & Zerubabel, my eldest son to have a double portion thereof"; to "John Endecott & Zerubbael all the land which was given me by the two Sachems of Quinebaug my eldest son to have a double portion"; to "my grandchild John Endecott Zerobabel his son" ten pounds at age twenty-one; the longest liver of my sons to enjoy all the land "except the Lord send them children to inherit it after them"; to Mr. Norrice teacher of the Church at Salem 40s. and to Mr. Wilson pastor of Boston 40s. and to Mr. Norton teacher 40s.; to the poor of Boston four pounds; the seal bore arms [EPR 2:38-40, citing SPR Case #385].
    Jeremiah Howchin, father of Elizabeth (Howchin) Endicott, wife of the Governor's elder son, took exception to the 1659 will and deposed that when the Governor approached him to permit the marriage of their children, Endicott promised to give his son the Chickering farm and build a barn and leanto, as well as fence the land and provide horse and oxen and cows and sheep, and that his son John and heirs would receive all the farm called Orchard after his death and the death of his wife. With these guarantees, Howchin allowed his daughter to marry young John "without that the match had never been consented unto by this deponent." He further stated that about 29 January he had spoken with the Governor who told him that he had not finished his will and that his wife had made "great endeavours" regarding it and asked Howchin to write down his true mind, which he did [CSM 20:261-62, citing MA Arch 15B:95].
    This nuncupative will, signed by Jeremiah Howchin, claimed to be the mind of the Governor, saying "Tell the magistrates that I am not capable to make my will myself for reasons best known to myself I would willingly live that little time I have to live in peace which is not like to be long[.] I have made no will that I approve of neither have I delivered any in one respect or another as my will to this day and do declare all that be pretended to be my will I say I do renounce and disown and to be of none effect: ... I love my dear wife she have taken pains with me not a little I desire respect may be unto her[.] I desire she may have my orchard farme ... for time of her life only eight acres of salt meadow to be taken from it and laid to my son John ... only what goods were brought by my daughter into the house is my daughter['s] to enjoy and take away ... and I do charge that my son John may have a double portion of all my estate confirmed upon him his heirs and assigns forever Chickerol's farm to be appraised and 8 acres of meadow and Zerubobel's land to be appraised and that at Salim and what my son John's went by estimation to be as much more in value as that I have given to Zerubbobell to be made good to John and his heires and assigns forever he is the son of my strent [strength?] and have taken pains with me and after my wife's decease my two sons to have the orchard farm my son John two-thirds and Zerubbabell one-third ... and my son John to have what books that he desireth for physic and chirurgery" [CSM 20:263, citing MA Arch 15B:96-106].
    The resulting conflict between the widow Elizabeth and eldest son John caused the General Court on 23 May 1666 to order that the estate be administered by the widow and sons, guided by the terms of the 1659 will. To protect the interests of son John's wife Elizabeth Howchin, the court provided that the farm called "Chickering's" deeded to her husband and all the property bequeathed to son John in the 1659 will should be hers during her life if she should outlive her husband [MBCR 4:2:289, 311-2; EQC 7:16-17].
    The inventories of Endicott's estate dated 27 April 1665 (taken at Salem) and 31 July 1665 (taken at Boston) totalled 1031 8s. 7d., of which 731 was real estate: the home farm with housing orchards and fences, 551; a one hundred and fifty acre farm on Ipswich River "being part of a farm given by the country together with the meadow to it," 80; and a house "at the town with three acres of Land to it," 100. An additional undated inventory included other parcels of land whose value was not given: "certain ten acre lots that Mr. Endecott purchased"; "two hundred & fifty acres of upland & meadow part of that farm that lieth in Topsfield undisposed of"; "2 farms in the country purchased of Maj. Harthorne & Capt. Trask"; and "an island called Catta Island" [SPR Case #385].
    The funeral was a costly affair, and the widow Endicott was allowed 160 from the country treasury over five years to "discharge the charge of wine, cakes, tomb, and powder expended ... whereof [60] was in consideration of her expense of seventy pounds in mourning clothes for herself, children, & family," May 1665 [MBCR 4:2:151].
    In May of 1671, the General Court "being informed that the widow ... of the late honored Governor, Mr. John Endicott, Esqr., is reduced to a very low condition, w[hi]ch is not honorable for this Court, do therefore order, that the thirty pounds per annum by this Court allowed to her, being expired, shall & is hereby anew granted to her ... during [her] widowhood" [MBCR 4:2:487-88].
    BIRTH: By about 1600 based on all later activities.
    DEATH: Boston 15 March 1664/5: "Our honored Governor, Mr. John Endicott, departed this life, - a man of pious and zealous spirit, who had very faithfully endeavored the suppression of a pestilent generation, the troublers of our peace civil and ecclesiastical, called Quakers. He died poor, as most of our rulers do, having more attended the public than their own
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